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Fareed Zakaria GPS

News/Business. (2013) King Abdullah II of Jordan; Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev. New.

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Russia 22, Us 13, U.s. 13, Davos 10, America 5, Assad 5, Jordan 4, United States 4, Fareed Zakaria 4, Algeria 4, Dmitry Medvedev 4, Phillips 3, Obama 3, Al Qaeda 3, France 3, Florida 3, Washington 3, Google 2, Browder 2, Crowley 2,
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  CNN    Fareed Zakaria GPS    News/Business.  (2013) King Abdullah II of  
   Jordan; Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev. New.  

    January 27, 2013
    7:00 - 8:00am PST  

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mail, but it's no longer enough. >> to get back to long-term financial stability, though, the postal service needs to reduce costs by $22.5 billion by the year 2016. >> it's not just the internet. in fact, it's not even mostly the internet. the biggest bottom line problem is that congress requires the postal system to prepay future pensions and future health benefits for retirees. it couldn't keep up last year and defaulted on two payments. the post master general has proposed restructuring pension payments, consolidating processing centers and closing post offices and eliminating saturday mail. throughout its history, the post office has been the nature's central nervous system and it remains the cheapest way to deliver the printed word to any spot in the u.s. also, it's the go-to place to honor local icons. >> hr-3637. a bill to designate the facility of united states postal service located at 401 old dixie highway
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in jupiter, florida, as the roy post office building. the first lieutenant, the brigadier general post office building. the nicky nick daniel bacon post office. >> in the last congress, lawmakers passed 45 bills renaming post offices. it did not get around to a bill overhauling the postal system to keep it solvent. thanks for watching "state of the union" i'm candy crowley in washington. head to cnn.com/sotu. fareed zakaria "gps" is next. this is gps the global public square. welcome to all of you in the united states and around the world. i'm fareed zakaria coming to you from davos, switzerland.
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i interviewed one king, seven prime ministers and one head of government. we'll see them in coming weeks. this week one king and one prime minister. we'll start with the king of jordan, abdullah ii. his nation sits in turmoil between syria, egypt, iraq and saudi arabia. despite some protests, jordan hasn't had its own arab spring. everyone was watching the parliamentary elections this week. will they satisfy protesters or inflame them? we'll get the king's reaction. then, the prime minister of r h russia dmitry medvedev. some call it a new cold war. who's to blame and will russia help in syria? we'll discuss it all. also, the algerian hostage crisis that left dozens dead. is this a sign of a grave, new
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terror threat? i'll tell you my view. but, first, here's my take. every year at davos people like me try to get a sense of the mood of the place. take the temperature of people in this frosty mountain resort. obviously, i will give you a highly impressionistic and personal picture, but one i find useful since davod does bring together leaders and government, business and media and even the ngo community from all corners of the world. it is genuinely global in a way that few conferences are. so, what is the mood? well, there's a sense of calm, a relief that many storms that seem like they might be overwhelming like the euro crisis have been weathered. people from america are optimistic. those from emerging markets more so, but everywhere there is a sense of caution. in pwc's annual global ceo survey released this week, 52% saw no change from the current
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tepid economic environment. 28% saw decline and 18% said things will get better. it is still an improvement from last year when 48% predicted a decline. the last few years of recovery followed by slow downs of political crisis, of new terror attacks from north africa have made people weary of excessive optimism. things are stable, crises have been contained, there's some growth on the horizon, but no one's ready to declare that we've turned any corners. there are no bulls in davos. no countries taking center stage. one symbol of the mood, the big splashy parties that companies like google used to throw have been quietly discontinued. not that google couldn't afford it, by the way. they just had their first year with $50 billion in revenues. underlying this caution, i believe, is a sense that growth that people had gotten used to, economic growth of the past that
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countries and companies had hoped for in the future just doesn't seem likely. the imf released a new report this week with growth numbers that are low. lower than they had projected only a few months ago. the world is coming to grips with the fact that the financial crisis might have ushered in not a few years, but a decade of slow growth. and we're not quite halfway through it. let's get started. the next big story in the ongoing changes in the arab world is the pivotal parliamentary election that took place in jordan this week. it was the first time ever jordan has allowed an international observer to monitor. king of jordan abdullah ii said its government is transitioning
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but opposition groups including the largest, the muslim brotherhood boycotted the elections saying they favored the monarchy. that opposition is far from abdullah's only problem. he has syria to the north and iraq to the east and israel and the west bank to his west. i sat down with king abdullah at davos on friday. your majesty, when you look at the arab spring, is it fair to draw the inference, at this point in the game, that repression has not worked but bribery has. by which i mean to say that the states attempted repression are either the regimes are gone or teetering like syria. but those that have large oil wealth were able to provide various kinds, particularly in the gulf, have all survived. >> well, i think you have to take a step back and look at history of how the middle east was divided up. and this is one of the problems we face in political reforms in
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jordan. we're still living in the shadows of the cold war and during the cold war, it was more sort of the monarchies to the west and to the soviet union. maybe you've seen the reaction more in the republics than you have in the countries that are sort of either emirates or monarchies. but this is what makes maybe the transition to political reform more difficult. in my country, 90% of the people are still averse of being aligned to political parties. so, although we had this wonderful parliament outcome of 56% plus way beyond i think anybody's expectations, the challenge now and i see in jordan, specifically, the hard work for us is actually creating that political party culture. where people and the word is in arabic and still instinctively something wrong. so, the challenge that we have over the next four years is
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actually the hard work. the easiest part of arab spring over the past year and a half is behind us. >> when you look at these elections that were just held, you're absolutely right. 56% turnout and allowed international monitors in. >> second time. >> but this was fairly extensive and, yet, the muslim brotherhood has said they will boycott it and they intend on street protests. how serious a problem is that? >> if you're living in jordan today, they will tell you that is not a serious problem whatsoever. i think the weakest standing of any countries in the middle east is actually jordan. at the beginning, the doubters out there and the opposition didn't think that anybody would register to vote. we had an unprecedented registration 70%, which is much higher than any other country in the middle east. so the challenge is, how do i reach out to the oppositions that boycotted, that actually ended up being very small in numbers. but we want them to be part of
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this process. anybody who is left out in the cold, it just doesn't bode well for any of us. the next change is how do they come in over the next four years and reinvent themselves, to be quite honest. >> you could live with the muslim brotherhood prime minister? >> i don't think that would happen by the right of the people. their number is at a historically all-time low in jordan, but i believe they're part of the mechanism and how do we reintroduce them into the reform aspects of the future. >> what would you like to see happen in syria? you're facing an extraordinary kriss and i think people need to remember you now have 300,000 refugees from syria. you have gone through a decade in which you took in hundreds of thousands of iraqi refugees. the iraqis have just started going back and you now have this new influx. do you think that the fall of assad will in some way end this crisis or will that launch the beginning of a larger syrian civil war? >> well, the challenge that we have is that the longer this conflict goes on, the more the
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country will implode. and so for the first time, again, there's talk of is there going to be a fragmentation of syria. the breakup into different smaller states, which i think would be catastrophic and something we'd be reeling from for decades to come. but the longer it goes the nastier it gets. anybody saying bushar's regime has weeks doesn't know the reality on the ground. they still have capability. so i give them a strong showing, at least for the first half of 2013. >> why is it that the army has not gone to assad and said you have to leave? in other words, there's been relatively little defection at that highest level. help us understand what the dynamic is that keeps the regime together? >> well, the regime was based on leadership that gives us a lot of its strength. and, again, part of the problem is with some of the minorities,
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especially if you look at the christians and the jus, part of t the issue that we're tackling with is seeing this influx of radical fighters coming into the country. so, if you were a christian who are sitting on the side of the fence and they're not happy with the way bashar is dictating the future of his country. but the other alternative, radical islamist groups coming into jordan is syria's more frightening. i think that's what kept him on the sidelines and given more support to the regime because, you know, option two is worse. >> how much do you think -- >> like to have an option three. >> how much penetration into syria do you sense? >> well, al qaeda is established in syria. they've been there for about a year. they are getting certain supplies of material, weapons and financing, unfortunately, from certain sectors. so, they're forced to contend with. even if we get the best government in damascus tomorrow,
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we have two to three years to securing our borders from them coming across and to clean them up. so, you know, jordan is today and has been committed since three weeks into the afghan campaign, we've been there for many, many years. but today when we look at j jordanian troops deploying, it will be in syria. we'll be back from davos. much more with king abdullah and later in the show russia's prime minister dmitry medvedev. ♪ ...to skies around the world... ♪ ...northrop grumman's security solutions are invisibly at work, protecting people's lives... [ soldier ] move out! [ male announcer ] ...without their even knowing it. that's the value of performance. northrop grumman.
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and we are back in snow covered davos. more with my conversation with king abdullah ii of jordan right after jordan's parliamentary elections. there's another election that took place this week, the israeli election. when you look at what happened, do you believe that prime minister netanyahu may be encouraged to take more positive steps to try and achieve a two-state solution? >> well, i could say i'm probably happy with the turnout of my elections than he is with his. but whatever happens, there's an understanding with i think the
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prime minister because we've been in contact with the israelis and palestinians. last year, 2012, was a year where we tried to keep the atmosphere positive between israelis and palestinians because we knew that america was locked into internal issues with the re-elections or elections going on in that country. president obama won and as a second-term president there is always a tremendous advantage of pushing the process forward. this phase leading up until the inauguration israeli elections has been called a hallmark stage. jordan with three leaders in europe, the british, the french and the germans are all marching towards washington february and march to say, mr. president, it's time to really engage on the palestinian process. prime minister netanyahu understands that and whatever he does to form his coalition, he's got to keep in mind that the international community strongly led by the europeans and hopefully with the united states
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is going to be knocking on his door and that of the palestinians to move the process forward. >> do you worry that in this election you did also have the rise of new voices in israel that openly talk about the permanent annexation of the west bank and gaza and talk about the fact that there is no palestinian state and that jordan is the palestinian state. >> since arab spring, at the beginning of arab spring you heard many izrailies saying this is the best thing that happened to us. many of us couldn't believe or fathom that line of reasoning. i would say most israelis look at the arab spring. the sense of israelis would want jordan to be destabilized as an alternative. the challenge today, can they create the two-state solution and, quite honestly, i don't think -- if, if we're not too late, the two-state solution will only survive as long as the end of president obama's term. beyond that, if we don't fix it
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in the next four years, i don't believe it will ever happen. >> a final question. i mentioned, you know, repression didn't work, bribery seems to have worked. you haven't oppressed and you don't have the money to bribe. do you feel like you managed this balancing act in jordan and you worry that all these pressures from syria, the israeli issue could destabilize it all? >> well, it goes i think without saying that the past year and a half with the very difficult challenges to our economy, to egypt that got us into the financial difficulties we're facing today and instabilities in syria have definitely added to the challenge. jordan has always, i think, looked at whatever policies they have not to use other things that are happening in the area as an excuse. i think the difference between jordan and many other countries is we took a different approach. and we push for evolution, not revolution. and the only way you can do that is through the rule of law.
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so, national committee was put together. and they changed a third of the constitution and created independent commission for elections and a new constitut n constitutional court and many other laws. so, we took the systematic approach mainly because of my experiences being educated in the west and looking at how western systems did it it was the rule of law. i was surprised by western think tanks and the european ambassadors in our country where they say that is very difficult. you think? i mean, this has been a major challenge and you can't have this by waving a magic wand. it will take hard work so that people start to, for the next elections, vote for candidates because they're on left to right of these particular issues. so, that political party culture, that is the major challenge. and where we're starting from low down in jordan, we're still steps ahead of many countries in the middle east. so, it's going to be tough for all of us. but that's the only way that i think we can do it.
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>> your majesty, thank you very much. this was a fascinating conversation. >> thank you. that was jordan's king abdullah ii. when we come back, new attacks in algeria have made many talk about the return of al qaeda. but the facts don't quite support the hyperbole. support the hyperbole. i'll explain. [ watch ticking ] [ engine revs ] come in. ♪ got the coffee. that was fast. we're outta here. ♪ [ engine revs ] ♪ how did i know? well, i didn't really. see, i figured low testosterone would decrease my sex drive... but when i started losing energy and became moody... that's when i had an honest conversation with my doctor.
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i miss my sister. i miss my old school. i miss my room. i don't want special treatment. i just wanna feel normal. to help, sleep train is collecting pajamas for foster children, big and small. bring your gift to any sleep train, and help make a foster child's night a little cozier. not everyone can be a foster parent, but anyone can help a foster child. now, for our what in the world segment. the recent terrorist attack at a natural gas plant in algeria, which together with the counterstrike by algera left 37 foreign hostages and 29 militants dead, has aroused fears that we're watching the resurrection of al qaeda. no longer just in southwest
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asia, but in many corners of africa, as well. little doubt that the terrorists who seized the plant are brutal, nasty people, but many questions about them remain. are they really a branch of al qaeda? do they have global jihadist aims? it is vitally important that we understand these groups so our response is tailored to the attack. he came to prominence in algeria in the 1990, that's when algeria's islamic political parties were poised to win parliamentary elections. but in 19992 they canceled the elections, banned the islamic salvation front that was poised to win and began a brutal offensive against the militant islamic groups that emerged. in that group between 150,000
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and 200,000 algerians died. the most extreme groups that survived continued to battle the algerian state but never exposed larger jihadist goals. because they wanted to replace the government, not destroy the world. it is these groups that a few years ago morphed into al qaeda in the islamic. they have survived not because of any ideological support from the population, some factions have prosperred by thoroughly activities like the smuggling of drugs and tobacco. he's nicknamed the marlboro man for that reason. far more lucrative business, hostage taking. groups have kidnapped westerners and extracted princely ransoms in return. according to the u.s. treasury,
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the average ransom for a western hostage held by aqim in 2011 was $5.4 million. this sort of terrorism pays richly in this world, not the next. belmaktar leads one of the groups in the region which is loosely affiluted with al qaeda. last year seized control of parts of northern mali. a larger than life figure that spent years not fighting for islam but his group. he created supporters of religion when he was passed over for leadership of the main movement. what conclusions can we draw from all this? that these groups are largely composed of local thugs with long-standing local grievances that often have very little to do with global jihad.
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terrorism has also been very good business for them. while their own causes have lost support at home, they have latched on to the al qaeda brand and the hope of enhancing their appeal and perhaps crucially gaining global attention. keep in mind osama bin laden's words in 2004. all that we have to do is send two mujahedeen to the furtherest point east to raise a piece of cloth on which is written al qaeda in order to make the generals race there to cause america to suffer human, economic and political losses. to play into their own hands. for more on this, you can read my column in this week's "time" magazine. up next, my interview with the prime minister of russia, dmitry met vedev on syria, human rights and much more. don't miss it. etdon't. they have magnesium.
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i'm candy crowley in washington with breaking news from the city of santa maria in brazil where a nightclub fire has killed at least 245 people. rafael romo is live in atlanta with more. >> candy, good morning. the death toll now stands at 245 after a massive fire in the city of santa maria in brazil. it broke out at about 2:00 a.m. this morning. more than 3,000 people were attending an event, a
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celebration as the end of summer in that part of the world when the fire broke out. it was a very dense fire, thick smoke and that was the main problem, candy, that many people died of smoke inhalation. authorities say that many of those killed also died because people trampled them as many were trying desperately to get out of that place. as it stands right now, as i said before, 245 people dead. but authorities are only now beginning the investigation. brazilian president attending a conference in chile traveled to the area to monitor the response of the federal efforts. candy, back to you. >> thanks, rafael. we will continue to follow the story. but now back to fareed zakaria "gps." i'm fareed zakaria coming to you from davos. russia may no longer be the other super power, but remains one of the world's most important countries. it has, perhaps, the world's
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largest nuclear arsenal, massive oil and gas reserves, a u.n. veto and now a seat at the world trade organization. and yet its direction and its interests still seem unclear to many in the west. is it modernizing? is it trying to help solve problems like syria? in the hope of better understanding the country, i sat down with its prime minister, who struck me as poised and confident. part of a regime that feels it has weathered recent storms from the financial crisis to the arab spring. almost nine months ago, russia saw one of the most important job swaps i can remember. russian president dmitry medvedev became russian prime minister, which is what he is right now. and russian prime minister vladimir putin became russian president, again. i last interviewed mr. medvedev three and a half years ago before the job swap plan was originally floated.
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i reminded him of that interview when we met again this week in davos. mr. prime minister, thank you so much for joining us. >> translator: good day. >> the last time we met, prime minister, you were president and i asked you a question. i said, do you expect that you will serve a second term? you seemed optimistic about the prospect that you would serve a second term, but you didn't. mr. putin decided that he was going to run. why? if you were a successful president wouldn't it be good to have a second term? >> translator: if you really want to know, let me tell you. we achieved the main goal to ensure continuity, just like in any political competition, we made sure that the political forces that we represent would stay in power for years to come. and the people supported us. my current job is very interesting. being a prime minister is a very
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demanding job. and as long as i have the strength, i will continue to do this and be a benefit to my country. sooner or later, i will have to make other decisions, which i will also make with taking into account the opinions of our people. and with my inner feelings with my wishes. and in that sense, i cannot exclude my long-term political career or anything else. but there is no point in speaking about that right now. i am often asked, why did you do this? well, let me ask you a question. what was i supposed to do? start a race with my close colleague? with my friend? for what reason?
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>> so, it was his decision more than yours? >> can you imagine inside one political party there unraveled such a battle? it's pointless. it would be counterproductive. >> let me ask you about syria. >> why not. >> you have said that you, russia, wants to be neutral in the conflict. you're not supporting the assad regime, but the reality is that the russian army has trained the syrian army. there are long ties there and you have influenced with the syrian government very few countries have it. if you believe. what i'm trying to understand is that it is not in russia's interest for this conflict to go on for it to be one in which more and more militant forces and jihadi groups form. it is directly to your south and move into chechnya, so, why would you not from a purely
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russian national interest point of view get them to understand that it must find a compromise and assad must step down? >> translator: let us discuss. from the outset, the russian federation was not an exclusive ally of syria or president assad. we had good relations with his father and him, but he had much closer allies among the european states. we never said that our goal was to preserve the current political regime or making sure that president assad stays in power. that decision has to be made by the syrian people. the syrians are a multi-ethnic and multi-religious people. thus, we need to have all present at the negotiating table.
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sunnis, shia, jews, christians. only this way could you have a genuine national dialogue. if you exclude someone, then the civil war will continue and the war that is already under way. and in it, in my view, both sides are responsible. the syrian authorities and the oppositions. which, by the way, is largely represented by islamic radicals. >> but why doesn't russia try to broker some such agreement? why don't you take the lead? >> translator: i personally a few times called assad and said, you need to start reforms. you need to sit down at the negotiating table. i repeat one more time. in my view, unfortunately, the syrian authorities turned out not to be ready for this. >> can assad survive? >> translator: i think that with every day, with every week, with every month, the chances of him
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surviving are becoming less and less. but, once again, it should be decided by the syrian people, not russia, not the u.s., not any other country. the most important thing right now is to support the process of national reconciliation. >> but you agree with me what is happening in syria, the current situation is bad for russia because it is becoming more and more islamic and becoming more jihadi and you will, we are 8,000 miles away in the united states. you will face this in your backyard. so, it is an urgency for you to do something. >> translator: it's hard for me to disagree with you. but i believe the situation is so troublesome for everyone because the representative of radical jihad, they're not only penetrate into russia, they travel to europe, they try to infiltrate the u.s. so, this situation is bad for everyone. when we come back, the latest cold war style battle
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between america and russia. why the new ban on americans adopting russian babies. i'll ask the prime minister. and a secret conversation he had with president obama, when we return. we're all having such a great year in the gulf, we've decided to put aside our rivalry. 'cause all our states are great. and now is when the gulf gets even better. the beaches and waters couldn't be more beautiful. take a boat ride or just lay in the sun. enjoy the wildlife and natural beauty. and don't forget our amazing seafood. so come to the gulf, you'll have a great time. especially in alabama. you mean mississippi.
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the united states and russia have been making moves that remind one of the cold war. the current chill arguably started with the death of this man, magnitski.
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he was working for william brouder. to cut a long story short, he claimed to have found that certain russian officials had persecuted browder but also defrauded the russian treasury of $250,000. he was persistent and soon found himself in jail and then died there due to the lack of medical attention. browder urged the u.s. government to charge those with a murder. in early december congress passed the act which banned certain russian officials from coming to the u.s. and froze their assets. and russia responded with a law effectively banning americans from adopting russian children. it is now drafting a list of american officials it wants to ban from russian territory. i brought all this up with russia's prime minister dmitry medvedev.
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let's talk about corruption. when we look from the outside what we see is a situation which seems still out of control. we hear about the case of sergei. >> translator: i'll tell you. i'm sincerely sorry for surge ai as i would be so for any american who passed away behind bars. russian law enforcement needs to investigate fully what happens in that prison. while he died and who is to be held responsible. speaking of the activities of the late, my assessment is quite different. it is not impossible that they came across corruption because corruption is abundant. but he was never a corruption fighter. >> the united states congress has passed trade letters
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legislation with russia, which ties trade with russia to certain issues of corruption, to, you know, individuals who are deemed to have been part of a system of corruption in russia. you have criticized that legislation and you have said that russia will respond sumetically and asumetically. are there any further russian retaliatory moves that we should anticipate? >> translator: regarding the congress and its options, well, i think it's bad when a foreign parliament passes a decision regarding another state. it is even worse when a foreign parliament, i'm referring to the u.s. parliament, in particular, person as criminals. you need to feel the difference. there is a fine line. every country has the rights to
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refuse any citizen of any other country a visa to enter its territory. that is the normal practice. that is in line with international conventions and you don't even have to give reasons. but when that is made publicly, deliberately, when congress says we're going to compile a list of names of specific persons that committed an offense, how would you call that? i would call that an extra judicial act because you find them guilty without court and trial. so, this situation, our russian parliament had to respond and i'm not ready. i'm not ready to talk now as to what's symmetric or asymmetric because that's emotional. but in any case, we can always
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find somebody who the russian parliaments would declare as violators. perpetrators of human rights or other legislation. they found such people and they passed a vote. >> but there will be retaliation under international law and the way it is allowed? >> translator: well, i believe the whole situation is bad and it won't improve russia and u.s. relations. it's not going to be beneficial for the global world order. i've always had my legal feel about that. i do not think that in the 21st century any state, even such powerful and democratically developmented as the u.s. has the right to have such decisions towards the citizens of other countries. no one has canceled the sovereignty of states. >> one of the acts taken by the
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russian was to ban the adoption of russian orphans by americans. i'm puzzled by this because i see it as a retaliation against the passage of the magnitsky act. but the people being punishred the russian orphans. they are being given new life and hope and stable family in the united states. why punish the russian orphan? >> translator: neither legally nor practically. it is not linked with the magnitsky case, the so-called dimayakovlev law. the concern of the russians and the counsel of the federation of
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the destiny of our children. because no matter what anyone says, this is the direct responsibility of a state to ensure that children who do not have parents have the necessary care, including health care. this is a part of a moral culture. we should take all the necessary decisions so that there would be no orphans in russia itself. the u.s. does not have such a problem. many european countries do not have this problem. we have a good society already and we have people who are well off enough that are able to give food and shelter to our children. this is the reason behind the decisions we have made. >> but you could, you could encourage russians to adopt orphans and handicapped orphans.
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you could provide them with incentives. why ban foreigners from doing it because if the culture in russia does not change and cultures don't change in two or three years, you will have a generation of orphans who have been punished for no fault of their own. >> translator: well, there is another side to this issue, which is rather complex and i would not like to speculate on this matter. but, still, i have to mention it. unfortunately, the information which we believe about the fate of russian children adopted in the united states does not make anyone happy. >> meaning what? explain what that means. >> translator: i will explain. a large number of american families will adopt russian children really provide the correct care, upbringing and education. and in that case they get high
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marks. this is the highly moral attitude. but, unfortunately, in our country, we know a lot of cases when children adopted by american parents died or were tortured or lost their health in the u.s. and even one such case would be enough to suggest the draft of a law for consideration. >> are you documenting cases that you have about this? >> translator: of course. these cases, all the cases, maybe they don't reach you. all these cases have been describes on the russian tv multiple times and the internet even. >> let me ask you a final question, mr. prime minister. when you were part of one of the world's most overheard private conversations between you and president barack obama. and president obama said famously in my second term, i
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will have more flexibility. >> i have more flexibility. >> and you said, thank you, i will convey that to mr. putin. what was he talking about? what kind of flexibility? >> translator: well, i think this question is better asked not to me but to my colleague, barack obama. but if we are serious, i think everything is quite simple. it's not for me to explain to you the intricacies of american politics. but it is absolutely obvious that the constitution stipulates that the second term of the american president is his last term. in that sense, any u.s. president during his second term can take a stronger position and act in a more decisive manner and that is exactly what barack meant. but if we talk about the subject itself, it is extremely difficult and so far we don't see any flexibility.
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there are no easy solutions in terms of anti-missile defense. there is no flexibility. we have not changed previous positions. the u.s. has one opinion and the russian federation, unfortunately, has a different opinion. these positions are not getting any closer. >> mr. prime minister, thank you very much for joining us. >> thank you. thank you. that was my interview with dmitry medvedev. coming up, what is greece smoking? i'll explain. [ male announcer ] alka-seltzer plus presents the cold truth.
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welcome back to davos, switterland. tuesday marked an anniversary on this continent. my question of the week is, what was the elysee treaty? "a" a treaty establishing the president as head of state in france. "b" a treaty of peace and friendship between france and germany. "c" created european steel and coal community or "d" bringing france into nato. stay tuned. we'll tell you the correct answer. go to cnn.com/fareed for more of the gps challenge and also follow us on twitter and
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facebook. remember, if you miss a show, go to itunes.com/fareed. you can find audio and video versions. this week's book of the week is "the idea factory." bell labs and the great age of american innovation. probably spurred more innovation than any other. bell labs at its height employed 15,000 people, 1,200 of whom were ph.d.s and 13 of whom won nobel prizes. it's a story of american innovation from the most unlikely source. now, for the last look. it's been frigid in davos this week and the snow capped mountains make you want to curl up by the fireplace with a good book. almost 1,000 miles away, greece is enjoying slightly warmer temperatures, but take a look at these pictures. i reckon you can barely see the

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